تیسری صدی ہجری تک کے شیعہ سیرت و تاریخ نویس

Shia biographers and historians up to the 3rd century Hijri

  • Rasool Jafarian University of Tehran
Keywords: Biography, biographer, history, historiography, Shia historians, Shia biographers, Rasul Jafarian.

Abstract

This article is a continuation of the series of articles taken from the book "Political History of Islam - Biography of Rasool Khuda" by the famous researcher and historian, Ustad Rasool Jafarian. In the previous articles, the historical mentality and historical legacy of the Arabs before the emergence of Islam, the historiography of Muslims after the emergence of Islam and its types, as well as the biography and biography of Ustad Rasool Jafarian have been presented. In the same way, a complete introduction to the compilations of the great biographers from the beginning of Muslim biographies to Aban Ibn Uthman, an important biographer of the second century, has been presented. Apart from this, a detailed research discussion has also been presented on the causes and factors of distortion in the biography of Muslims.

In the present paper, the role of the Shiites in the historiography of the Muslims has been highlighted. The author has introduced more or less 50 historical works of Shia historians. In the same way, he has presented an introduction to 20 Shia books on biographical writing along with reviewing the biography and history of the Prophets and the Holy Prophet.

At the end of this paper, two major types of historiography are introduced, namely "monograph" and "common and frequent" historiography, of which the former is assigned to each monograph with a specific topic and Abu Makhnaf, Madani and Kalbi. As attributed to historians; While the latter is described as the method adopted in the 3rd and 4th centuries by historians such as Caliph Ibn Khayat, Ya'qubi, Dinuri, and Tabari. In view of this, at the end of the paper, a detailed introduction to the works of Mr. Lut bin Yahya bin Saeed bin Makhnaf, known as "Ibn Makhnaf", a well-known and outstanding Shia biographer and historian, is presented.

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Published
2024-05-20