تفسیر عیاشی پر ایک نظر
Introduction to Tafsir-e-Ayashi
Contemporary of Sheikh Kulayni, Muhammad ibn Ayyashi is considered as one of the great Shia scholars.He was well versed in Hadith, Rijal , Fiqh and Tafsir. His interpretation (Tafsir Ayashi) was written in the 4th century .It is the primary source of narrative interpretation and is a mere imitation and narrative interpretation or commentary. In it, the author has interpreted the Qur'anic verses without any footnote, relying on the traditions.In This article discusses the personality of the late Ayashi , his teachers and a few distinguished students as well as various aspects of this interpretation and discusses the author's style of writing in Tafsir Ayashi and his credentials after a brief introduction to Tafsir and finally points out the sources of Tafsir and some of its credentials are weakened and advantages or disadvantages.
Muhammad Mohsin, Shaikh Aga Bazurg Tehrani, Al-Dhari'a ila tasanif al-Shia, Vol. 2 (Qum, Ismaieeliyan, 1408AD), pp. 20 and 478
Muhammad Hussain, Tibatibai, Quran Dar Islam (Mashad, Intasharaat Talou, nd), 72.
Muhammad Ibn- Ishaq, Ibn-e Nadeem, Alfahrist, (Beīrūt, Dar-ul Marfat, 1417 AD), 361; Abu Alhassan Ahmad bin Ali, Alnajashi, Rijal Najashi, (Beīrūt, Nashr Dar-ul Azwa, 1408 AD), 247.
Muhammad Taqi, Tustari, Qamoos-ur Rijal, Vol. 8, (Tehran, Markaz-e Nashr Alkitab, 1387 AHS), 377.
Abu al Hussan Ahmad bn Ali, Njashi, Fahrist e Asmaa e Musanafi ul Shiae, Muhaqaq, Shubari Zanjani, Syed Musa, (Qom, Dafdar e Intesharat e Islami, 1407AH), 350.
Ibn Nadeem, Alfahrist, 361; Alnajashi, Rijal Najashi, 247; Muhammad Bin Hassan Bin Ali Bin Hassan, Tosi, Rijal e Tosi (Najaf, Manshorat almaktaba walmatboha alhaideria, 1381AD), 136; Rashiduddin Abi Jafar, Ibn Shahr Ashob, Maalim ul Ulama (Najaf, Maktab e Haidria, 1380AD), 29.
Alnajashi, Rijal Najashi, 247.
Sheikh Toussi, Fahrist (Najaf, Manshuraat Maktabath ul Murtazwiyah, nd.), 163.
Ibn Nadeem, Alfahrist, 241.
Alnajashi, Rijal Najashi, 351.
Ibn Nadeem, Alfahrist, 361.
Ali Dawani, Mufaqar e Islam, Vol. 2 (Qom, Markaz e Asnad e Inqlab e Islami, 1388 AD), 312.
Ibn Shahr Ashob, Maalim al Ulama, 99.
Hassan Yusuf bin Motahar, Allama Hali, Kitab Al Rijal (Tharan, Mowasa Intisarat, 1383 AD), 184.
Muhammad Ali Mudars, Tabrizi, Raihana tul Adab, Vol. 4 (Qom, Mowisa Imam Sadiq, 1395 AD), 220.
Sheikh Abbas, Qomi, Safeena tul Bahar, Vol: 2 (Mashad, Ustan e Qads e Razvi, 1374 AD), 18.
Sheikh Aga Bazurg Tehrani, Al-Dhari'a ila tasanif al-Shia, Vol: 4 (Qum, Ismaieeliyan, 1408 AH), 295.
Syed Hussan, Sadar, Tahsees A Shia le Uloom e Islam,(Beirut, Aalami, 1375 AD), 332.
Muhammad Hussain, Tabatabi, Muqadma Allama Tabatabai Bar Tafseer e Ayashi,(Tharan, Maqtaba Ilmiya Islamia, 1380 AD), 3.
Murtaza, Muthari, Aashnai Ba Ulm e Islami, (Qom, Sadara, 1374 AD), 78.
Muhammad bn Ali, Ardabeli, Jamia ul Rewa, Vol. 2 (Buirt, Dar o Zaoo, 1403 AH), 192.
Mohammad Baqir, Majalsi, Bahar ul Anwar ,Vol: 1 (Tehran, Maktabah ul Islamiah, 1398 AD), 8, 28.
Tabatabi, Muqadma Allama Tabatabai Bar Tafseer e Ayashi, Vol: 1, 12.
Muhammad Muhsin, Al-Dhari'a ila Tasanif al-Shia, 295.
Hakim Haskani, Shawahid al-Tanzil, (Qom, Dara al Huda, 1380 AD), Hadith No. 27, 144, 145, 185, 190, 192.
Abu Ali al-Fadl ibn al-Hasan, Al-Tabrasi, Majma ul Bayan, Vol.1 (Qom, Khusroo, 1374 AD), 17, 18, 31, 82, 128.
Ali Akbar, Babai, Maqatab e Tafseeri, Vol. 1 (Qom, Smat, 1391 AD), 327.
Muhammad Hadi Marfat, Al-Tafsīr wa l-mufassirūn fī thawbih al-qashīb, Vol. 2 (Mashad, Razavi University of Islamic Sciences, 1377 AD), 752.
Hadith No. 11, 12, 17.
Hadith No. 13-14.
Ibid, Hadith No
Ibid, Hadith No.32
Ibid, Hadith No., 37,38.
Ibid, Hadith No., 32.
Ibid, Hadith No., 35.
Ibid, Hadith No., 45.
Ibid, Hadith No., 49.
Abu Nazar Mohammad Ibn Masoud, Ayyashi, Tafseer Ayyashi, Vol.1 (Qom, Zawel Qurba,1395 AD), 104, 106, 143, 182, 187, 193, Vol. 2, 80, 182, 207, 240, 302, etc.
Ibid, Vol.1, 196, 335.
Ibid, Vol.2, 136.
Ibid, Vol.2, 17.
Ibid, Vol.1, 246, 423.
Ibid, Vol.1, 244, 417.
Ibid, Hadith No. 11, 12, 17.
Ibid, Hadith No. 13, 14.
Ibid, Hadith No. 1.
Ibid, Hadith No. 30.
Ibid, Hadith No. 27.
Ibid, Hadith No. 25.
Ibid, Hadith No. 32.
Ibid, Hadith No. 32.
Ibid, Hadith No. 35.
Ibid, Hadith No. 45.
Ibid, Hadith No. 49 .
Ibid, Hadith No. 51, 63.
Ibid, Hadith No. 65.
Ibid, Hadith No. 73.
.Ibid, Vol.1, 193.
Ibid, 84, 95, 182.
Allama Murtaza Askari, Quran Al Kareem wa Riwayaat ul Mudariseen, Vol. 3 (Qom, Toheed, 1374), 114, 115.
Āqā Buzurg Tihrānī, Muhammad Muhsin, Al-Dhari'a ila Tasanif al-Shia Vol.2 (Birut: Dar Alzao, 1403, Pg.282
Ayyashi Abu Nazar Mohammad ibn Masoud , Tafseer Ayyashi, (Qom, Zawel Qurba, 1395)Vol.1, Pg.30
Ibid, Vol:1, 145۔
Ibid, Vol.1, 361.
Ali Akbar Babai, Maqatab e Tafseeri, Vol:1 (Qom, Smat, 1391) , 327.